Forms and Functions
of Nouns and Pronouns

Here are summary tables of all the forms of nouns and pronouns and the functions associated with them.

Number

form name function noun example pronoun example
singular represents the name of one of someone or something poet he
plural represents the name of two or more of someone or something poets they

More information about Singular and Plural is available here.


Gender

form name function noun example pronoun example
masculine represents a male human being or animal poet he
feminine represents a female human being or animal poetess she
common a representation where it does not matter whether male or female but IS one of them teacher ---
neuter represents something where maleness and femaleness does not apply stone, thought it

Learn more about Gender in grammar here...


Case

form name function noun example pronoun example
nominative subject of a verb
subject complement
poet I, we, you, he, she, they
accusative object of a finite verb
object of a non-finite verb
object of a preposition
object complement
poet me, us, you, him, her, them
genitive shows possession, ownership or relationship poet's mine
dative indirect object poet him
vocative used as an address poet ---

Click here for more details about Grammatical Case, the all-important set of forms of nouns and pronouns.


Person

The Person category affects Pronouns. Pronouns can be of different grammatical persons. All nouns are in the Third Person.

form name function a noun example a pronoun example
first person represents the person speaking --- I, we
second person represents the person spoken to --- you
third person represents the person spoken about poet
(all nouns)
he, she, it, they

You can find more information about Grammatical Person here.

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Related Pages

What is a Noun?

Kinds of Nouns

Common Nouns

Proper Nouns

Collective Nouns

Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Countable Nouns

Forms and Functions

Number

Gender

Case